Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 1305-1310 Jan. - Mar.2013

 

QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT THROUGH INVESTIGATION OF PLASTIC PRODUCTS

 

Sharma Suman*1 and Manepatil Smita2

1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, TRUBA College of Engineering and Technology, Indore (INDIA)
2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, SGS Institute of Technology and Science, Indore (INDIA)

 

Received on : August 04, 2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

The manufacturing process of a product produces emissions detrimental to air, water and soil during its entire life from raw material extraction to the final disposal. The emissions have harmful effect at local, regional and global levels. Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is used to identify the detrimental effect or environmental impacts of a project prior to its start. Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) is one of the tools that can help designer to understand the environmental impacts associated with their products, processes and activities. The work includes the scientific approach of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for environmental impact evaluation of typical consumer plastic products used in day to day life. Eco Indicator 99 methodologies are used as overall approach for quantitative evaluation of environmental impact. It is being used very often by designers. The principal goal of the work is to evaluate the emissions associated under two heads, i.e. damage to eco system quality (climate change, ozone layer, acidification/ eutrophication, ecotoxicity) and damage to human health (carcinogen, respiratory organics, respiratory inorganic) with the production of plastics products.

 

Keywords : Environmental Impact Assessment(EIA), Life Cycle Analysis(LCA), Life Cycle Inventory, Environmental Impact Evaluation(EIE), Decision-making, Planning tool, Emissions, Plastic products

 

 

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