Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 2A Page No.: 1136-1143 Oct. - Dec. 2012




Phatak Mukund*1 and Kanhe N. M.2

1.Department of Civil Engineering, VNSIT, Bhopal (INDIA)
2.Department of Civil Engineering, Guru Nanak College of Engineering, Nagpur,(INDIA)


Received on : July 10, 2012




In our country Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was formally introduced in 1994. After the experience of 1994, the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India introduced a new EIA Notification on 14th Sept. 2006. This notification specifically tries to reduce the time frame for granting EC. The 1994 system mostly relied on the institutional framework, which existed at central and state level. A new system of decentralization was introduced to clear the projects at national as well as state level through the 2006 notification. A category projects having a high threshold value to be cleared by MOEF while the B category projects shall be given EC at state level by the State Level Environmental Impact Assessment Authorities SEIAA, specially created and delegated the powers as per the provisions of the EIA notification of 2006. One such SEIAA has been constituted in Madhya Pradesh and is functional for almost four years. A Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat (SWOT) analysis taken up in this article has suggested that there are several issues that need to be readdressed. It highlights several constraints, ranging from improper screening and scoping guidelines to ineffective monitoring and post project evaluation. The opportunities are realized as increasing public awareness, initiatives of environmental groups and business community and forward thinking to integrate environmental consideration into plans and policies. Poor governance, rapid economic reforms, and favor to small-scale units are some of the foreseen threats to the system. This article concludes with some suggestions to improve EIA process in India.


Keywords : Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Environmental clearance State Level Environment Impact Assessment Authority (SEIAA), State Level Expert Appraisal Committee (SEAC), Ministry of Environment and Forest (MOEF)