Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 2A Page No.: 1092-1099 Oct. - Dec. 2012

 

PROBLEMS AND PERCEPTIONS OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS IN INDIA : A CASE STUDY

 

Anil Kumar Jha

Department of Geography Govt. Girls P.G. College, Morar (Jiwaji University) Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh (INDIA)

 

Received on : July 23, 2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

The Census 2011 data shows that there are more than 225 million adolescents (approx. 50 percent are female adolescents) who account for almost 21 percent of the country’s populations. The United Nations and most UN agencies like WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, etc. consider adolescents as individuals between 10-19 years of age. The present study analyzes the sexual behaviour, problems and perceptions of college going adolescent girls in Gwalior city of Madhya Pradesh (India). Structured interview method was used to collect qualitative and quantitative data. The study finds, that for a large number of respondents of joint families, autonomous behaviour of youths with outsiders and uncontrolled media are the major sources of spreading pre-marital sex in the general population whereas the respondents of nuclear families felt that communication gap between parents and their children and use of sex as a stress-buster instrument led to pre-marital sex primarily. The study concludes that today’s youth believes in upholding the cultural traditions by having faith in the marital bond, disapproving of premarital sex and abiding by social code of conduct. Lack of correct information about ‘safe sex’, ignorance about HIV testing and views such as ‘AIDS can’t happen to me’ can put them at risk. Joint families are the source of re/affirmation of cultural values, traditions and prove quite pragmatic when the issue of HIV testing of the respondents and the proposed boys arises. Nuclear family structure provides more opportunities to youth to discuss about their psycho-social problems. It is recommended that a programme should be developed for the parents so that they could come out of their cocoons and provide timely solutions to their growing children. Cultural engagements and sensitivity among youth is the need of the hour.

 

Keywords : Adolescent, Sexual behaviour, Perceptions, Family structure, Pre-marital sex, Indian culture, HIV/AIDS

 

 

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