Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 2A Page No.: 1076-1084 Oct. - Dec. 2012

 

STUDIES ON CHARACTERIZATIONS OF AGRI-CULTURE WASTE (RICE HUSK) FOR THE PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL

 

Thippa Reddy K. S.* and Agrawal Pushpa

Department of Biotechnology, R.V. College of Engineering, Mysore Road, Vidyaneketan post, Bangalore, Karnataka (INDIA)

 

Received on : September 10, 2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

The bio economy is based on two components : biomass and bioprocess, which are related to natural resources and novel technologies (industrial biotechnology, bio/chemical and/or thermo chemical technology). The shift from fossil fuels to a bio based economy is necessary, if the world aspires to a reduced reliance on fossil fuel, mitigating climate change and benefiting rural community. Biomass to biofuels and bio-materials brings in the paradox of food verses fuel. More so in developing countries, with limited natural resources, biomass is cheapest replacement of fossil fuels, which is freely available hence in the present study an attempt was made to convert the rice husk to alternative fuels through biological means by fermentation method. Using ball milling, the micro particles of rice husk were made and used for the ethanol production. Sacccharomyces cerevceae type 180,181 and Asprgillus niger used for the fermentation process. X-ray diffraction, SEM, FTIR microtrac instrument, characterized for the micro particle. In the present study, we have optimize the experiment for the production of ethanol. In different pH and temperature results obtained in 1.81% of ethanol produced.

 

Keywords : SEM, XRD, FTIR, Zetatrac particle size analyzer, Lignocellulosic, Reducing sugar, Fermentation

 

 

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