Volume No. 1 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 39-42 July-September 2006

 

VERSATILE POTENTIAL OBSERVATION OF OIL AND GREASE POLLUTANTS IN HOSPITAL EFFLUENTS AND ITS TREATMENT

 

Monika Jain*, C.S. Goshwami1 and Praveen Jain2

1. Govt. M.L.B. Girls P.G. college,Bhopal. (INDIA) 2. Center of IT and Basic Science M.P. Bhoj (Open) University, Bhopal. (INDIA)

 

Received on : April 29, 2006

 

ABSTRACT

 

Petroleum and its products inflict the greatest damage to water. Oil and its products endanger the aquatic life in the surface layer and also the coastal flora and fauna. The potential pollutants like oil and grease in watercourse are undesirable since these pollutants create aesthetic problems. They inhibit diffusion of oxygen and rearation as they easily spread over the surface of water. Hospital effluents contain oil and grease, and these are discharged in water bodies. In this way oil and grease also find their way into water ecosystem. Bhopal, the capital of M.P. has numerous hospitals and many hospitals are going to be setup here, which will increase the load on water bodies. If the present situation continues results may be dangerous. Hospital effluents of different hospitals have been analyzed to observe the impact on water bodies. It is found that the amount of oil and grease in maximum samples was above the permissible limits prescribed by BIS and Biomedical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1998 and 2000. Root zone treatment is applied to reduce these pollutants and it is found that it is an effective devise

 

Keywords : Hospital effluent, Root zone treatment, Eichhornea Crassipeand, Typha lattifolia, Plankton.

 

 

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