Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 1A Page No.: 561-568 July-September 2012

 

IMPACT OF BEACH EROSION ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITION OF FISHER FOLK OF PODAMPETA VILLAGE, ODISHA, INDIA

 

Nayak Lakshman*, Das Simanchala and Behera Durga Prasad

Department of Marine Sciences, Berhampur University, Berhampur, Odisha (INDIA)

 

Received on : May 25,2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

The total fisher folk population of Podampeta village is 1600 under 510 families of Ganjam district. There are only 45 families under Below Poverty Line (BPL) and others are Above Poverty Line (APL).Out of the total population of 1600, there are 721(45.062%) males and 879 (54.938%) are females. There are 510 married male and 510 married females. 211 (13.187%) are unmarried males and 316(19.75%) are unmarried females and 27(1.6875%) females are widow. The diverse female is only 26 number which is about 1.625% of the total population. The literacy rate is 21.875% up to upper primary standard. There is no service holder in the village. The annual income varies from Rs 6,000/- to Rs 17,000/-. Fishing is the only way of their livelihood in this village. There are 08 number of bore wells in addition to the drinking water supply by the government. There is no primary school and health center in the village. Alcoholic drink is the major expenditure of their income. No sanitary facility is available in this village and recently 8 people have died in an unidentified disease. Approximately 20 numbers of boats have been damaged due to beach erosion which occurred several times during the year 2010 and 2011. They have availed loan of about Rs 5, 68,000/- during 2005-2006 from Rushikulya Gramya Bank and they have not repaid any loan amount to the bank. In the recent past 45 numbers of houses and one fish drying shed have been eroded due to beach erosion. The beach erosion has profound impact on socio-economic and livelihood of the fishermen of Podampeta village, Odisha.

 

Keywords : Beach Erosion, Socio-economic condition, Fisher folk, Podampeta Village, Odisha

 

 

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