Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 204-214 July-September, 2012

 

A COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND POLICIES OF INDIA AND CHINA

 

Potdar Aditee*, Unnikrishnan Seema , Singh Anju and Naik Neelima

National Institute of Industrial Engineering, NITIE, Mumbai, (INDIA)

 

Received on : May 05,2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

This paper reviews the main environmental laws and climate change policies of India and China. India and China are upcoming economies with annual growth rates in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) sustained over the past few years at 8 - 10 per cent, a strong focus on environmental laws and policies has to be incorporated in their respective Five-Year plans. The development of environmental laws gathered momentum both in India and China after the United Nations conference on Human Environment held at Stockholm, Sweden in 1972. An overview of the environmental laws reveals that most of the laws are established during a similar time frame in India and China. The similarities and dissimilarities in environmental laws related to the year of establishment and amendments are highlighted in the paper. The paper also evaluates the climate change policies of India and China. The National Action Plan on Climate Change of India released in 2008 focuses on the 8 National missions. National Climate Change Programme of China released in 2007 is focused towards making achievements in controlling Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, enhancing adaption capacity, making new progress in advancing science and technology R&D, remarkably raising public awareness, and further strengthening of institutions and mechanisms. The policy details are discussed in the paper. India and China both need to focus on the stringent implementation of the laws and policies formulated.

 

Keywords : Environmental laws, Climate Change policy, India, China, Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

 

 

BACK