Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 62-65 July-September, 2012

 

ANTHROPOGENIC PRESSURE ALONG ALTITUDINAL GRADIENT IN A PROTECTED AREA OF GARHWAL HIMALAYA, INDIA

 

Bhat Jahangeer A.*, Kumar Munesh, Negi Ajeet K. and Todaria N.P.

Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, HNB Garhwal Central University, Srinagar (Garhwal), Uttarakhand (India)

 

Received on : May 05,2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

The present study was carried out in a largest protected area of Garhwal Himalaya and this is an attempt to assess the anthropogenic pressure along altitudinal gradient in Madhmeshwar area, India which is the interior part of Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary. The anthropogenic pressure was investigated by the estimation of tree density, density of cut stumps, basal cover, lopping percentage and dung piles in different altitudinal zones. A total of five altitudinal zones were made from 1550 to 3550 m asl with a gap of 250 m and at each altitudinal zone a total of twenty sampling plots of size 100 m2 were taken. The results revealed that altitudinal zone-II (2000-2200 m) was under higher anthropogenic pressure among all the altitudinal zones followed by altitudinal zone-III (2450-2650 m) and altitudinal zone-I (1550-1750 m). The reason behind the high anthropogenic pressure in the altitudinal zone-II might be due to forests close to human habitation are more prone to disturbance than the forests which are away from the human habitation.

 

Keywords : Anthropogenic pressure, Himalayas, Altitudinal zone, Disturbance, Kedarnath Wildlife sanctuary

 

 

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