Volume No. 7 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 1-9 July-September, 2012

 

HIGH DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (HDPE) WASTE PLASTIC CONVERSION INTO ALTERNATIVE FUEL FOR HEAVY VEHICLES

 

Sarker Moinuddin*, Mohammad Mamunor Rashid and Muhammad Sadikur Rahman

Natural State Research, Inc. Department of Research and Development, Stamford, CT 06902, (USA)

 

Received on : May 05,2012

 

ABSTRACT

 

Thermal degradation and fractional distillation process was applied with high density polyethylene waste plastic and temperature profile used for HDPE waste plastic liquefaction range 100-420 șC. The fractional distillation column temperature was 340-370 șC. Two different types of temperatures profile were used for collection heavy oil fuel from HDPE waste plastic. 100 % waste plastic was used in this experiment by weight and produced fuel density is 0.84 g/ml. For fuel analysis purposes various technique were used such as Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometer (GC/MS), FT-IR and DSC. GC/MS analysis result showed that produced fuel has short chain hydrocarbon to long chain hydrocarbon, hydrocarbon range showed C3 to C28. FT-IR analysis results indicate that produced fuel has functional group and this functional group band energy which is reflecting fuel calorific value. DSC analysis result showed fuel boiling point and fuel enthalpy delta H value. ASTM test result indicates that produced fuel has less sulfur content than USA EPA level. Produced fuel could be use in a heavy vehicle’s internal combustion engine, or electricity generation feed for power plant feed stock refinery.

 

Keywords : HDPE, Waste plastic, Alternative, Conversion, Fuel, Hydrocarbon, GC/MS

 

 

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