Volume No. 6 Issue No.: 3A Page No.: 623-630 Jan-Mar 12

 

IMPACT OF BALCO INDUSTRIAL WASTES ON SURFACE AND GROUND WATER QUALITY OF KORBA, INDIA

 

M. M. Vaishnav1 and S. Dewangan*2

1. Department of Chemistry, G.B.V. Post Graduate College, Korba (INDIA)
2. Department of Chemistry, C.M.D. Post Graduate College, Bilaspur (INDIA)

 

Received on : September 30, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

 

Water is precious natural component. Owing to its abundance occurrence in Earth it is known as Watery Planet. 79% earth's surface is covered by the water sources. Natural and anthropogenic factors make water unfit for human development, resulting the existence of biosystem has been dangerous. We have taken deeply study of different water sources in Balco industrial areas. Ten sites are selected and 60 water samples were collected in two litre capacity containers (Jan 2009 to Jun 2009) for physical and chemical analysis along with selected heavy metals by standard methods. The results were evaluated by statistical quality. The mean value for turbid- ity (SW 104.8 NTU, GW 26.4 NTU), TH (SW 700.9 mg/L), Fe (SW 1.6, GW4.4 mg/L), Al(SW 1.3 mg/L, GW 0.1 mg/L) were found above the threshold value. Strong +ive relation was calculated for SW and GW between TS vs TDS (SW r = +0.940, GW = +0.988). The high % CV was calculated for Fe 152.006 (SW) and 179.172 ( GW). WQI index calculated displays the order BS1 < BS4< BS2< BS7< BS9< BS10< BS8< BS3< BS6< BS5. These data show water sources are not suitable for human consumption, prior treatment is necessary.

 

Keywords : Water Pollution, Heavy Metals, Statistical analysis, Correlation Matrix, WQI, Balco

 

 

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