Volume No. 6 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 500-506 Jan-Mar 2012

 

URBAN TRANSPORT SYSTEM : AN ENVIRONMENTALLY SUSTAINABLE APPROACH

 

Rajeev Kumar Mishra*1, Manoranjan Parida2 and Santosh Rangnekar3

1. CTRANS, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (INDIA)
2. CED, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (INDIA)
3. DOMS, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (INDIA)

 

Received on : August 10, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

 

Rapid motorization and urbanization can bring many environmental issues that can endanger the sustainability of cities. Like many big urban cities, the city of Delhi in India is also suffering from various environmental problems. Road traffic is considered as a primary source of air and noise pollution. Due to the high level of uncertainty regarding the future effect of existing condition, it is very challenging for policy makers to develop policies which result in an environmentally sustainable transport system. In such a complex situation, it is very essential to give sufficient attention in planning environmental friendly transport systems, modes of public/private motorized transport, non-motorized transport and along with road user safety. The paper is an attempt to covers various environment related modules of transport system like traffic air and noise pollution due to traffic congestion. It deals with the existing trends of noise pollution at sensitive locations in Delhi city, their impact on human health and their conceptualization in terms of sustainability and recommended various steps for the planning of transport systems to make it environmentally sustainable. The paper has scrutinized the extent of problem and recommends counteractive measures. The paper will suggest ideas and challenges of creating environmentally sustainable transport systems in Indian metropolitan cities like Delhi along with detailed discussion on the existing environmental problems and poor motorized system of transport.

 

Keywords : Noise pollution, Sustainable development, Urban transport, Population, Environmental problems

 

 

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