Volume No. 6 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 494-499 Jan-Mar 2012

 

BEST PRACTICES IN ORGANIC FARMING FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION : A CASE STUDY IN ROMANIA

 

Gabriela Teodorescu* and Daniela Alexandrescu

Department Environmental Engineering, Valahia University of Targoviste, Targoviste (ROMANIA)

 

Received on : September 15, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

 

The main objective of this research is to promote the sustainability and competitiveness which become key words to horticultural and agricultural producers/farmers in Romania. The promotion of sustainable development should be a major objective of the environmental policy that will require enhanced political support. In Romania, agricultural land use is considered to be contributing to the maintenance of the area's biodiversity, as long as agricultural management is small-scale, diverse and respects the carrying capacity and the suitability of the local conditions. The principle for setting up ecological agriculture is to match ecological technology measures (the combination of ecological and engineering measures) to local conditions. It involves using systematic management methods, grass and tree planting technology, improvement of medium and low farmland and overall use of rural energy resources in order to tackle and improve the ecological environment. Organic farming and integrated farming also represent real opportunities on several levels, contributing to vibrant rural economies through sustainable development. Growers need to be efficient in production to stay competitive and they need to conserve and protect soil and water to be sustainable. Some strategies include farming technologies which degrade the natural resource base and require high level of external inputs (including toxic chemicals), agricultural research and extension services which are based on the notion that technology, should be developed by specialists and transferred to recipient farmers through messages and demonstrations. The scientific objectives of this research are also the identification of economical development perspectives for tourism and agriculture actors at the local and regional level. The result is to be competitive at the international dimension development opportunities and threats of the types of regions that are most vulnerable to climate change development of the database by additional data on regional vulnerability to climate change development of the indicators for additional information on the impact of climate change on different sectors of regional and local economies, as well as on local and regional infrastructures. In Romania, its vital to develop an agricultural system that is based on ecological principles and applying ecological practices to maintain soil fertility, to manage crop and animal health, and to keep soil and water in a good condition. The results of this research can be considered a best management practice for organic agriculture and will present the best action maintain or increase production while minimizing impact on the environment.

 

Keywords : Environment, Integrated, Management, Organic, Resources, Sustainable

 

 

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