Volume No. 6 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 232-238 Oct-Dec 2011

 

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungal Diversity in Rhizosphere Soil : A case study from Akola, Maharashtra, India

 

R.C. Maggirwar*, S. S. Deshmukh and S. P. Ingole

Department of Botany, Shri Shivaji Science College, Amravati, Maharashtra (INDIA)

 

Received on : August 24, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

 

Mycorrhizae are ubiquitous in terrestrial ecosystems throughout the world. There has been a great appreciation and the importance of AM fungi for improvement of the plant growth. Detail field studies are necessary to understand the abundance and type of Indigenous Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) present in the rhizosphere. Specially, the rhizosphere soil features are very essential to study, because it plays key role in mycorrhizal distribution. The authors have aimed at the detail study of AMF species to investigate the characteristics, occurrence and distribution in rhizosphere soil from Akola region. There were 21 rhizosphere soil samples collected from different places in Akola district. These samples were analyzed for their mycorrhizal status. The spore density and their taxonomic status were worked out. Altogether 29 different AM fungal species were recovered from these samples. The results depict that the Glomus fascicultum and Glomus aggregatum are the most dominant AM fungi. Present work would confirm the occurrence of mycorrhizal fungi in rhizosphere soil and will open new vistas in this fascinating field of mycorrhiza.

 

Keywords : Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF), Biodiversity, Glomus, Rhizosphere, Soil

 

 

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