Volume No. 6 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 165-173 July-Sept 2011

 

SERICULTURE : A TOOL OF ECO-SYSTEM CHECKING THROUGH TRIBAL

 

S. K. Dewangan*1, K. R. Sahu2 and K. V. Achari3

1. Office of Collector, Central G. G. U., Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh (INDIA)
2. Department of Zoology, E. Raghvendra Rao, Govt. P.G. Science College, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh (INDIA)
3. School of Life Sciences, Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh (INDIA)

 

Received on : April 15, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

 

Rural poverty has many forms and is much more complex phenomenon. Poverty alleviation requires suitable policy interventions and appropriate technological options that can increase agricultural productivity without adversely affecting the productive capacity of natural resources. Seventy percent of the total population in the world is lives in rural areas. So far, various strategies have been pursued to address this concern and among the major ones is rural employment creation with sustaining the environment. The farmers are encouraged to take up non-agriculture practices which are integrated with live stock culture, animal husbandry, dairy, fisheries, poultry, horticulture and sericulture to generate more income for each house hold. In this context sericulture is a labor intensive industry. It provides direct or indirect employment to about 7 million people in India. Sericulture requires low investment and offers high profit. It also provides regular income to farmers throughout the year unlike most other agricultural crops. Sericulture plays a vital role in the flow of income from the urban rich sections of the society to the rural poor, as demand for silk is largely from the higher income group. There are more than 25 countries practicing sericulture in the world. In India sericulture spread over 22 states, covering 172000 hectares, across 54000 villages operating 258000 handlooms and 29340 power looms. The main host plant is mulberry, Asan, Arjun, Oak, Castor, Kesseru, Som and Soalu. Kosa of Chhattisgarh was famous in the world for its elegance and quality and it is still, a force considers. Raigarh district is major tasar growing area where tribal are engaged in sericulture activities. Tasar silkworm rearing has been going on since 1956-57 and rearing of mulberry silkworm started in the year 1982-83. Since sericulture activities covered 312042 acres, the total beneficiaries are 5739. Out of them 3347 are scheduled tribe. In the Raigarh district only 22 (4.4%) beneficiaries out of 500 have adopted the sericulture as main occupation and rest 478 (95.6%) beneficiaries as an additional income generating contrivance. Out of 500 respondents 36.2% received employment for duration 100-150 days, 53.8% for a period of 151-200, and 8.3% of 201-300 days and the 1.4% for more than 300 days. It was estimated that an average monthly income of the respondent by all means is approximately Rs. 3696/-. Consequently it reveals that after adoption of sericulture the respondents are earning remuneration to an adequate height which enables them to bring above the poverty line. Further sericulture conserves the environment by non-cutting and felling of trees. Interstate migration is checked, regular savings habit has been developed by sericulture practices among the tribes. Sericulture has also added surplus income to the tribes. It is noteworthy that sericulture is suited the life style of tribe because practice of sericulture is simple and can be done without any cost and skill.

 

Keywords : Sericulture, Environment, Employment, Kosa, Tribal, Silk, Ecosystem

 

 

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