Volume No. 6 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 69-75 July-Sept 2011

 

CONSERVING BIODIVERSITY OF MEDICINAL PLANTS FROM CENTRAL ARAVALLIS OF RAJASTHAN, INDIA

 

Ruchira Bhardwaj*, Subroto Dutta and K. C. Sharma

Department of Environmental Science, Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati University, Ajmer, (India)

 

Received on : April 22, 2011

 

ABSTRACT

 

Plants have been an integral part of herbal medicine since ages. In India, the use of plants for medicinal treatment dates back to 5000 years. The present paper is an attempt to explore the traditional, folk and herbal medicine of the Central Aravalli region of Rajasthan. The Aravalli range possesses enormous floristic and ethnic diversities. The main tribes of the region are Bhil, Meena, Garasia and Kathodi. These tribes use the indigenous flora for various medicinal purposes in their daily life as local people have faith and belief in these medicines. The present paper highlights some of the potential medicinal plant species that are used as traditional herbal remedies by the tribal people. Ethnobotanical information about medicinal plants is given by mentioning their botanical name, family, local name, ecology and uses. The present study revealed that economically and medicinally important plants of the study area are facing pressure due to uncontrolled harvesting, overexploitation, premature harvesting, overgrazing, burning etc., because of which few of them have become rare, threatened and endangered. Hence, scientific management is of prime importance today. Conservation strategies must include Identification and utility of these plants and compilation of a database. It is realized in the present study that community based efforts have to be made in order to raise awareness amongst local rural and tribal people of the Central Aravalli hills about the importance and conservation of these valuable taxa.

 

Keywords : Ethnobotany, Aravalli hills, Medicinal Plants, Conservation strategies, WHO

 

 

BACK