Volume No. 5 Issue No.: 3A Page No.: 823-829 January-March 2011

 

ESTIMATION OF SURFACE AND GROUND WATER RESOURCES IN SAGAR, MADHYA PRADESH, INDIA

 

Sanjeev Rajoriya*1, R. K. Jaiswal and R. V. Galakte2

1. JAP, Planning, Economic and Statistical Department, Government of Madhya Pradesh, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh (INDIA)
2. National Institute of Hydrology, GPSRC, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh (INDIA)

 

Received on : November 14, 2010

 

ABSTRACT

 

Water has traditionally been regarded as an inexhaustible gift of nature. But the increasing demand and existing pattern of use of water resource have threatened human welfare, livelihood, development and indeed life itself in the years to come. The Sagar district of Bundelkhand part of Madhya Pradesh (India), in spite of good rainfall, good drainage density suffers frequent drought due poor management of water resources. Estimation of available surface and ground water resources are the basis of development of water resources facilities in the region and in the present study, an attempt has been made to quantify the surface and ground water resources in all eleven blocks in Sagar district. The Soil Conservation Services (SCS) model has been employed for estimation of surface water resources while recharge factor method has been used for estimation of ground water potential. Using water resources and available irrigation facilities in these blocks, potential blocks have been identified. From the analysis, it has been observed that the composite curve number for different blocks in Sagar district range between 75.55 and 82.22. The total surface water calculating by this method is 7856.58 million cubic meter in the district for the year 2004. The distribution of ground water recharge is uneven in different blocks in Sagar district and availability of ground water in the year 2004 has been computed as 1810.09 ha-m. The Deori block has been identified as rich in water potential on the basis of availability of water resources and irrigation potential. The Kesli, Sagar, Khurai and Jaisinagar can be classified in the middle range while remaining six blocks can be considered as poor blocks in term of water resources.

 

Keywords : Soil Conservation Services (SCS), Recharge factor method, Composite curve, Surface water resource, Irrigation potential, Water potential

 

 

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