Volume No. 5 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 294-299 October-December 201

 

SUSTAINABLE ENERGY INDICATORS FOR MAURITIUS

 

Mohammad Khalil Elahee

Faculty of Engineering, University of Mauritius, Reduit (MAURITIUS)

 

Received on : June 5, 2010

 

ABSTRACT

 

Sustainable Energy Indicators (SEIs) are pertinent tools to monitor the progress of countries towards achieving set objectives in terms of sustainability related to energy. The evolution of a set of eight such indicators is assessed holistically over the last two decades in the case of Mauritius. As a fast-developing island-state dependent at 80% on important fossil fuels, sustainability holds the key to the future of the country known for its beautiful but fragile ecosystems. With one on the highest population densities in the world, Energy Management is now a national priority to meet pressures for increasing demand. The selected SEI reflect, together, economic, social and environmental dimensions as well as the engineering or technological aspects of sustainable development. Vector values, plotted on a Star Diagram, are brought to a common scale between 0 and 1. The value 1 represents the situation which is deemed to be improved and the value 0 means the target to attain. SEIs for carbon dioxide emission from energy production and use per capita, air pollutant emissions from energy systems, share of household income spent on fuel and electricity, investment in clean energy, energy resilience, burden on energy investments, energy intensity and renewable energy deployment are investigated.
The main finding of the research is that Mauritius is moving away from sustainability in terms of energy generation and use. Except for energy intensity, this situation is forecasted to deteriorate unless radical policy changes are adopted. The impact of more sustainable energy strategies on SEI are briefly analysed and proposals are made.

 

Keywords : Sustainability, Energy Indicators, Environment, Development, Mauritius

 

 

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