Volume No. 5 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 172-179 July-September 2010

 

EVALUATION AND PREVENTION OF FLUORIDE AFFECTED AREAS OF RAISEN DISTRICT OF MADHAYA PRADESH, INDIA

 

Ratna Roy

Department of Chemistry, Govt. M. L. B. P.G. Autonomous College, Bhopal, (INDIA)

 

Received on : November 27, 2009

 

ABSTRACT

 

Water is an essential commodity of life. Low rainfall in consecutive years results in scarcity of water. As the surface water source is limited, we have to depend on ground water for everyday need. With the increasing need for water the number of tubewells and borewells are also increasing. Although the external pollution in groundwater is less than surfacewater, but the chances of fluoride concentration is more. Ground water usually contain fluoride ion dissolved from geological formation.1,2 Fluoride in water has been the subject of extended debate in recent years. Many cases of endemic fluorosis have been reported in Haryana, Rajasthan,9, 10 Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and in some district of Madhya Pradesh. Fluoride is not absorbed in the blood stream It has an affinity for calcium and get accumulated in bones resulting in molting of teeth, skeletal fluorosis, outward bending of legs, deformation of knee joints and other parts of body and even paralysis. Hence it is a matter of concern and there is continued search for how the concentration of fluoride increases and cross the limiting value. The work under investigation is of physicochemical and geochemical3,4 in nature, as the work is related to detection of fluoride concentration in ground water.

 

Keywords : Physico-chemical, Geo-chemical, Endemic, Fluorosis, Potable Water, Fluoride

 

 

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