Volume No. 4 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 999-1007 April-June 2010

 

DETERIORATION OF WATER QUALITY DUE TO IMMERSION OF GANESH IDOLS IN THE RIVER TAPTI AT SURAT (INDIA)

 

Jigna Desai and S.K.Tank*

Department of Biosciences,V.N.S.G.University, Surat, (INDIA)

 

Received on : September 21, 2009

 

ABSTRACT

 

The most vital resource for life on the planet earth is water. There cannot be life without fresh water, which is only 2.7% of total water on the earth .This 2.7 % is not handy to us as it is distributed as Biological water, Glaciers, Atmospheric water, Surface water and Ground water.

Most of the freshwater resources are deteriorated in water quality and portability of freshwater which is very scanty. In our country Idol worship is very common. Idol are made of so many materials like, wood, stone, bamboo, jute, grass, clay and plaster of paris (POP). To make these idols decorative and attractive they are painted with bright synthetic color or lead oxide (Sindoor-orange in color) mixed with oils which contain large amount of heavy metals. Wood, stone, grass, jute, flowers, germinated seeds, leaves etc. cause short term deterioration of water quality due to their decay. On the other hand paints with plenty of heavy metals cause health hazards in the long run.

With intention to study deterioration of water quality of River Tapti at Surat which is major source of water supply to Surat city. The study of alkalinity, dissolved oxygen (DO), total dissolved solid (TDS), conductivity, total hardness, salinity, temperature, pH, COD, BOD, and colour were under taken. Results obtained are very interesting, particularly there is detection of high amount of lead (Pb), Arsenic (As), Zink (Zn) and Mercury (Hg) which causes long run effect on human health. Other parameters are indicative of non portability of water.

 

Keywords : Idol immersion, Heavy metals, Water, Quality, Deterioration, Fresh water

 

 

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