Volume No. 4 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 876-884 Jan.-Mar 2010

 

ISSUES PERTAINING TO SUBSTITUTION OF DIESEL BY JATROPHA BIODIESEL IN INDIA

 

Sunil Kumar, Alok Chaube and Shashi Kumar Jain*

Department of Mechanical Engineering, RGPV Bhopal, M.P. (INDIA)

 

Received on : December 04, 2009

 

ABSTRACT

 

Petroleum resources are depleting day by day and it is assumed that they are going to last at the most next forty to fifty years. Recent volatility in the price of petroleum has led to severe impact on economic health of most of the countries dependent on imported crude oil for meeting the domestic petroleum requirements. India needs to import crude oil to meet nearly seventy percent of its petroleum requirements; hence it has become a necessity to look out for suitable alternatives to petroleum based fuels. Considering forty percent of total petroleum based fuel used in India is diesel, Jatropha biodiesel is being promoted as a viable alternative to petroleum diesel. Before using Jatropha biodiesel as a substitute to diesel as well as in blended form with diesel several important issues like: crude price, diesel demand in future, supply of Jatropha biodiesel, impact on climate, impact on society, food versus fuel, impact of rupee depreciation etc. needs critical analysis.

 

Keywords : Petroleum, Fuel, Diesel, Jatropha, Biodiesel.

 

 

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