Volume No. 4 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 584-593 Oct.-Dec 2009

 

BUILDING BRIDGES BETWEEN BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT : A CASE STUDY OF ALWAR DISTRICT, RAJASTHAN (INDIA)

 

Maria-Costanza Torri

Canada Research Chair in Ethnoecology and Biodiversity Conservation, University de Montreal (CANADA)

 

Received on : September 02, 2009

 

ABSTRACT

 

The recent development in biodiversity conservation policy and the creation of protected zones in many developing countries have often caused a conflict between local populations, their domestic government and development institutions. The changes have marginalised or even resulted in the expulsion of dwellers from their home territories and caused the gradual deterioration of ecosystems. The contribution of local communities remains essential to the successful management of natural resources. The Sariska Reserve presents a model of the successful participation of local communities in the conservation of natural resources. The study of these local communities, their integration with forest ecosystem and their management and conservation system of natural resources represents a case-in-point for the concept of new conservation approaches. These will be necessary for the achievement of biodiversity conservation and the development of sustainable long term rural societies. This article adopts a social and ecological perspective in its definition of conservation strategies and aims to explore the conditions that enable the integration of human societies with local biodiversity in a successful and sustainable manner.

 

Keywords : Sustainable development, Biodiversity, Wilderness, Ecosystem, Biodiversity conservation, Participation, Forests, India.

 

 

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