Volume No. 4 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 365-371 Oct.-Dec 2009

 

ASSESSMENT OF WINERY WASTEWATER AND ITS IMPACT ON IRRIGATED SOIL

 

C.S. Mahajan*, R.N. Jadhav, S.D. Narkhede, S.T. Ingle and S.B. Attarde

School of Environmental and Earth Science, North Maharashtra University, Jalgaon (INDIA)

 

Received on : August 13, 2009

 

ABSTRACT

 

The waste water from the wine producing industry has been collected seasonally in two distinct representative situations: the vintage and non vintage season of the year. However, concentration values are higher than limits allowed by local authority for discharge into the municipal sewage system. This paper describes the successful operation of various medium scale plants in India for the treatment of grape processing, wine distilleries. The waste characteristics and treatment methods for grape wine distillery are discussed. The wastewater is strong and highly variable in terms of pollutants, and tends to become odorous upon standing. Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Total Dissolved Solid (TDS) are the major pollutant present in the winery waste water. When soil conditions are suitable, land treatment of wastewater for irrigated cropping or forestry systems can be successfully practiced, especially with low pollution wastewater. However, on poorly drained soils, effluent irrigation can lead to water logging as well as salinization and sodification due to inadequate salt leaching.

 

Keywords : Winery Waste Water, Vintage and Non Vintage Season, Wastewater Irrigated Soil.

 

 

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