Volume No. 3 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 1114-1121 April-June 2009

 

COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED Staphylococci INFECTIONS DUE TO WATER POLLUTION AND SENSITIVITY PROFILING OF VANCOMYCIN AND METHICILLIN RESISTANT Staphylococci AS A REMEDY

 

Shivangi Saxena*, Vibhuti Mishra, Pritika Gupta, Brajesh Mishra, Dhirendra Singh, Narendra B. Sing

Dept. of Civil Engineering, Institute of Engineering and Technology, Lucknow (INDIA)

 

Received on : March 04, 2009

 

ABSTRACT

 

Staphylococcus aureus is a known pathogen responsible for various skin diseases and nasal infections in humans. The bacterium can also cause infections that vary widely in their severity and susceptibility to antibiotic treatment. Source of exposure to novel, potentially more virulent strains of Staphylococcus aureus is recreational swimming areas and polluted marine water due to untreated effluent discharges. The standard measure of Staphylococcus aureus contamination in recreational waters is the concentration of colony forming units. Vancomycin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) and Vancomycin resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (VRSE) are the strains of Staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcus epidermidis respectively, that have become resistant to the glycopeptide antibiotic Vancomycin .With the increase of Staphylococcal resistance to methicillin, vancomycin is often a treatment of choice in infections with Methicillin

 

Keywords : Water Pollution, Infection, Antibiotic resistance, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterococci, Rifampicin.

 

 

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