Volume No. 3 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 1013-1019 April-June 2009




Nishith Kumar, Tarique Shamim*, Paritosh Lall, Sushant Sagar and Akhileshwar Kumar1

Chanakya National Law University, Patna


Received on : February 24, 2009




An overflow of water from a lake or other body of water due to excessive rainfall or other input of water which takes away lives of hundreds and thousands of people as it has shown this year in its most devastating forms in Bihar as well as destroying property of lakhs and crores. The most affected are poor like farmers and our own economy.
Flooding accounts for an estimated 40% of all natural disasters. Flash flooding is the leading cause of weather-related mortality in the world, caused through sudden, unexpected and significant rainfall or storm system advancements. The social impact of floods primarily encompasses damage to homes and displacement of the occupants that may, in turn, facilitate the diffusion of a virulent strain of bacteria because of cramped and crowded living conditions and less than adequate personal hygiene. Additionally, stress-related mental health or substance-abuse problems may be associated with flood disasters. Ravaging floods in Bihar have destroyed crops worth over Rs 150 crore so far and the figure could further rise in the coming days. Crops in 1.25 lakh hectares of area have been lost in the floods, and the total loss is estimated to be over Rs150 crore. Paddy and maize crops have been washed out completely, pulses, vegetables and plantation crops such as banana have also been damaged.
The World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction, Yakohama (Japan) 1994 adopted a strategy for a safer world which includes guidelines for Natural Disaster Prevention, preparedness and mitigation. The conference affirmed that the impact of Natural Disasters in terms of human and economic losses has risen and society has become more vulnerable to such disasters over the past two decades, flood tidal waves, droughts, landslides and other natural events had killed some 3 million people and inflicted injury, displacement and misery on countless more. The number of people affected had increased by 6 percent per year, three times the global population growth rate. The 1994 Desertification Convention talked about a


Keywords : Flood, Flash flood, Rivers, Embankments, Dharma, Health hazards, Kim river basin, Epidemic, Humanistic development.