Volume No. 3 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 976-984 April-June 2009

 

GROUNDWATER OWNERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT: LESSONS FROM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND UNITED KINGDOM

 

Sheema Nabi Qasba

National Law University, Jodhpur, NH-65, Nagaur Road, Mandore,
Jodhpur, 342 304, Rajasthan (INDIA)

 

Received on : January 30, 2009

 

ABSTRACT

 

In India, groundwater ownership is governed by established principles of common law and the Indian Easements Act, 1882. Of late, many stated have come up with their own legislations governing the use and extraction of groundwater. The concern from different quarters is that constant pressure on our groundwater reserves lowers the water table beyond replenishment and often leads to concentration of pollutants. In the United Stated of America, different states follow different rules for allocation and usage of groundwater ranging from prior appropriation to allotments based on permits. On the other hand, in the United Kingdom, the latest law in the Water Act 2003, which deals with all water resources, ground as well as surface, at the same time.
This paper deals with an overview of management of groundwater in the United States of American and the United Kingdom and tries to analyze how we can apply the lessons from these countries for better groundwater management and usage in India.

 

Keywords : Groundwater, Management, Law, United Kingdom, Legal framework, Lessons, Application in India, Ground water doctrine.

 

 

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