Volume No. 3 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 928-935 Jan-Mar 2009

 

SITE SUITABILITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF RAMPUR HYDROELECTRIC PROJECT, HIMACHAL PRADESH (INDIA)

 

S.K, Sharma, A. Kaushik, C.P. Kaushik1 and A. Sharma*2

1. Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar (INDIA)
2. Water and Power Consultancy India Limited, Gurgaon (INDIA)

 

Received on : October 31, 2008

 

ABSTRACT

 

The demand of water and its related services increased with growing population and rising economic status. Dams have been seen as an effective way of meeting water and energy needs. The reason behind construction of these large dams is to produce hydropower besides providing continuous flow of water for irrigation and domestic purposes. In recent years, many questions are raised about existing dams. It is therefore become difficult to plan new dams. The second half of century has been proliferation of large scale river valley projects (nearly 65%) in developing countries. These projects are often multipurpose so as to meet various needs such as flood control, irrigation and production of hydropower. There are about 37,500 dams over the world of over 15m height. The increasing population and improved living standards creates extra pressure for food production, industrialization and economic growth. People opposed to dams have commonly argued that dams cause severe damage to our environment. To maximize the positive impacts and mitigate the negative environmental, social and economic impacts sustainability of water resources projects is required. In this research paper, an overview of positive and negative impacts associated with development, exploitation and management of water resources projects such as Rampur HPP is discussed. The impact Assessment study was conducted for evaluation of environmental impacts through comparison of environmental quality during HPP construction and operation phase. The environmental parameters such as water quality, land environment, biodiversity and socio-economic environment are taken in to account. The research work carried out to prepare a proper environmental management plan so as to mitigate negative environmental impacts and to enhance positive impacts so that developmental projects such as Rampur HPP lead to sustainability.

 

Keywords : Environmental Impact Assessment, Hydropower Project (HPP), Sustainable development, Water resources, Biodiversity, Socio-economic

 

 

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