Volume No. 3 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 840-850 Jan-Mar 2009

 

MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND BACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HOSPITAL WASTES IN JABALPUR (INDIA)

 

Mahendra K. Gupta1 and Pradeep K. Singhal*2

1. Department of Botany and Microbiology, St. Aloysius

 

Received on : October 06, 2008

 

ABSTRACT

 

The government and private hospitals in Jabalpur (India) have followed the prescribed statutory waste treatment provision only in part for the solid wastes and disposed the liquid wastes largely without any suitable treatment. The average rates of solid waste generation ranged from 0.06 to 0.7 kg wet weight bed-1 d-1. The bacterial load was about 6.0 to 6.5 log cfu mL-1 from the liquid wastes and 3.15 to 5.0 log cfu g-1 wet weight from the solid wastes. The bacterial variety and the load did not differ significantly between the liquid wastes of the hospitals. A majority of the isolated bacteria were Gram negative, motile rods that were able to ferment sugars, hydrolyze amylose, gelatin, urea, casein and had the alpha (?) hemolytic activity. The occurrence of such known opportunistic human pathogenic bacteria in the hospital wastes as Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Micrococcus, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas cepacia, Pseudomonas stutzeri, Serratia plymuthica and Vibrio alginolyticus clearly demonstrated that these wastes may pose a greater health hazard to the human society if not managed properly.

 

Keywords : Hospital waste management, Bacterial load, Pathogenic bacteria, Biochemical characteristics, Growth media

 

 

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