Volume No. 3 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 129-136 July-Sept 2008

 

ASSESSMENT OF DRINKING GROUND WATER QUALITY AT MOGA, PUNJAB (INDIA) : AN OVERALL APPROACH

 

Sunita Mittal*1 and Sangeeta Sharma2

1. Lala Lajpat Rai Institute of Engineering and Technology, Moga, Punjab (INDIA)
2. SBS College of Engineering and Technology, Ferozepur (INDIA)

 

Received on : April 12, 2008

 

ABSTRACT

 

Quality of water refers to number of physical, chemical and biological characteristics. Overall quality can be assessed mathematically by water quality index which is calculated by assigning certain weightage to important water quality parameters. The present study was conducted to assess the drinking water quality at Moga, Punjab (India) as this area lies in central Punjab where consumption of fertilizers and pesticides is the highest in the state. It was found that the major physico-chemical parameters of drinking groundwater were within the permissible limits. But certain parameters such as total dissolved solids, electrical conductivity, total hardness and magnesium content were above the WHO permissible limits at almost all the places in Moga city. Out of the total ten sampling sites, overall quality of water in terms of water quality index was found to be moderately to severely polluted at about six water sites. The water quality index was suitably modified by excluding the certain duplicating parameters.

 

Keywords : Water quality index, Biodegradable pesticides, Effluents, Turbidity

 

 

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