Volume No. 12 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 92-101 July-September 2017

 

DETERMINANTS OF BIOGAS ENERGY ADOPTION AND UTILIZATION IN ELGEYO MARAKWET COUNTY, KENYA

 

Siakilo Emmanuel W. and Nzove Beatah N.

University of Eldoret, Kenya SNV-Kenya

 

Received on : April 05, 2017

 

ABSTRACT

 

Domestic energy insecurity is a major threat to sustainable development in the Sub-Saharan Africa. Across the region, the fundamental role that firewood and charcoal play in the social and economic welfare of many households cannot be overemphasized. Thestudy aimed at assessing the role of biogas technology in saving wood, mitigating green-house gases emissions and in improving livelihoods in Elgeyo Marakwet County. Based on the study, this paper assesses the factors that influence biogas energy adoption and utilization in Elgeyo Marakwet County, Kenya. Oral interviews, Focused Group Discussions and Action Learning Case Studies were used to collect data frombiogas adopter and non-adopter households. Participatory experimental research was carried out using selected farmersí installed bio-digesters of different designs and sizes. Descriptive statistics, tests of significance (t-tests and chi-square) and logistic regression were used to establish relationships between variables. Farmers in the peri-urban and rural ElgeyoMarakwet County own basically three types (designs) of biogas plants; the fixed dome the floating drum and the plastic tubular. These different types are fronted by SNV-Kenya, and branded differently for identification purposes. The fixed dome is the most prevalent among the adopting farmers. The County Government of Elgeyo Marakwet should intervene by giving incentives such as subsidies to biogas construction materials, and (or) extending credit to farmers. It is further recommended that efforts and resources should be provided to the residents of Elgeyo Marakwet County to support widespread adoption of the biogas technology.

 

Keywords : Factors, Biogas energy adoption, Utilization, Elgeyo Marakwet County

 

 

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