Volume No. 1 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 73-78 July-September 2006

 

INDIA’S URBAN GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN

 

Arun K. Singh

RCVPN Academy of Administration and Management, Bhopal (INDIA)

 

Received on : April 10, 2006

 

ABSTRACT

 

In the last 50 years India’S urban population has increased by more than for times. In the next 20 years it will nearly double. The number of million cities is likely to go from 35 in 2001 to 75 by 2021. Proportion of urban population in these cities is 37.8 percent in 2001. The post independence phase of Indian’S urbanisation has witnessed the rapid growth of class I towns and million cities and the stagnation or decline of small towns. The contribution of urban sector to India’S GDP has also increased from 29% in 1951 to 60 % in 2001.The urban centres are considered as the Engines of Growth. But because of the demographic overspill, the cities are suffering from severe shortage of water supply, sewerage, developed land, housing, transportation and other facilities. Available data reveals that as on 31st March 2000, 88 percent of the urban population has accessibility to water supply and 55 percent to sewerage and sanitation. Nearly three-fourths of the population living in cities has no access to any human waste collection and disposal system. The volume of garbage in Indian cities is increasing. Per capita solid waste generated is about 350-400 gms and in large cities it exceeds 500 gms. Most of the SWM practices confine to collection and dumping and only 5% of the budgetary provision goes to proper disposal of the waste. Air pollution is the critical issues caused by intra city transportation system. Keeping this in view there is a need to address these problems and issues keeping in mind the settlement system as well as considering the environmental parameters and principles.

 

Keywords : Key Words : Urban, GDP, Environment, Overspill, Management

 

 

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