Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 224-230 July-September 2016

 

Review Paper (SS) NUTRITION TRANSITION IN INDIAN CONTEXT

 

Lakesh R.,* Sambhakar P. and Lakesh Rimsha

Government Dr. W. W. Patankar P.G. Girls’ College, Durg, Chhattisgarh (INDIA)

 

Received on : April 25, 2016

 

ABSTRACT

 

Globally, the food and nutrition scenario has undergone a sea of changes, where on one hand the trend is towards fast food, takeaways, packaged foods genetically modified foods and convenience foods, on the other hand there ton’s of ongoing research on organic foods, local produce and fresh foods. Over the years, the food science in India has also changed. Nutrition transition is the shift in dietary consumption and energy expenditure that coincides with economic, demographic and epidemiological changes. Specifically the term is used for the recent transition of developing countries from traditional diets high in cereal and fiber to more diets high in sugar, fats and animal source food. The economic development, globalization, life style changes, bio psycho social forces are causes of nutrition transition leading to change in health outcomes dual burden of disease. The research paper deals with the analysis of effect of nutrition transition on Indian context. It also encompasses people’s perception regarding the nutrition transition and to estimate the future potential and prospects of nutrition transition and suggests important measures to promote a plan to change the life-style and eating habits according to nutrition transition. The results indicate that the demographic changes, rates of urbanization and changes in dietary patterns are contributing to change in health parameters. There is a clear evidence of demographic, epidemiological and nutrition transition in India that is fuelling the epidemic of chronic disease and obesity particularly in the urban areas.

 

Keywords : Nutrition transition, Dietary consumption, Energy expenditure, Epidemiological changes, Life style changes, Health outcomes

 

 

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