Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 196-209 July-September 2016

 

PARTICIPATORY VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS OF WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES AS A BASIS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTA -TION STRATEGIES IN KERALA, INDIA

 

Raghavan Sathyan A.*1, Aenis T.2 and Breuer L.1,3

1. Institute for Landscape Ecology and Resources Management (ILR), Research Centre for Bio Systems, Land Use and Nutrition (IFZ), Justus Liebig University, Giessen (GERMANY)
2. Extension and Communication Group, Humboldt-Universitšt zu Berlin (GERMANY)
3. Centre for International Development and Environmental Research, Justus Liebig University Giessen (GERMANY)

 

Received on : May 20, 2016

 

ABSTRACT

 

This paper analyses vulnerability towards climate change on community level in Kerala, India. The aim is to develop a climate vulnerability index in a participatory way. A case study was conducted in a watershed, which was implemented by Grama Panchayat (i.e. bottom level selfgovernment institution). The data is collected through household surveys, key informant interviews and focus group discussions. The composite index comprises of three dimensions of vulnerability adaptive capacity, sensitivity, exposure and its ten major components : sociodemographic profile, socio-economic assets, agricultural, livelihood, social networks, health, food, water, climate variability and natural disasters. The results show that despite the programme aims at livelihood support and natural resource management, average vulnerability indices on livelihood strategies and social networks contributes the most to the overall vulnerability index. The vulnerability due to adaptive capacity indicators/subcomponents holds the highest value among the three dimensions of climate vulnerability. The results demand urgent need for location specific micro level planning of the watershed programmes with emphasis on activities to address water scarcity, soil and water conservation, farm diversification, production enhancement and livelihood alternatives for better coping strategies and resilience. This method can be used to compare the climate vulnerability of different watershed communities implemented by various agencies for better policy implication.

 

Keywords : Adaptive capacity, Climate Variability Index (CVI), Participatory vulnerability analysis, Sensitivity, Watershed management

 

 

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