Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 132-141 July-September 2016

 

STUDIES ON CONTROL OF BIRD PESTS TO DAMAGE MILLET CROPS IN SEMIARID ZONE OF NORTHERN GUJARAT, INDIA

 

Patel K. B.

Department of Zoology, Sheth M. N. Science College, Patan, Gujarat (INDIA)

 

Received on : March 14, 2016

 

ABSTRACT

 

The Northern Gujarat is semi-arid zone covering total area of 28.91 lakh hectares and lies between 230 to 24.420 North latitude and 71.010 to 73.390 East longitudes. North Gujarat covers five tributaries, viz., Gandhinagar, Mehsana, Patan, Banaskantha, Aravalli and Sabarkantha. The study was conducted in Patan, Banaskantha and Mehsana districts from January 2011 to December 2012. Millets are small grained cereal grasses used as food and fodder. Crop damage occurs at various stages during crop production stages due to birds. Crop damage by birds in North Gujarat has been a problem since the native lands were first used for agriculture. This area is dominated by farmers and agriculturists who support the main economy. To evaluate the extent of damage, various techniques were used viz. Netting, Scare Crow and Control. Data recorded e.g. i) birds visiting millet crop at different stages during morning and evening hours (%) ii) stages of millet crop vulnerable to bird damage and iii) assessment of damage to millet tiller stage at the harvesting stage and assessment of loss in yield of millet grains by bird pests during summer and kharif.

 

Keywords : Semi-arid zone, Millet, Bird pest, Crop protection, Grain yield

 

 

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