Volume No. 11 Issue No.: 1 Page No.: 110-116 July-September 2016

 

STUDY OF AEROMYCOFLORA IN INDOOR AND OUTDOOR ENVIRONMENT OF HISLOP COLLEGE, NAGPUR, INDIA

 

Meraj-ul-Haque*, Bhowal M. and Patil A.

Department of Botany, Hislop College, Nagpur, Maharashtra (INDIA)

 

Received on : April 03, 2016

 

ABSTRACT

 

Most people spend over 90% of their lives indoors : in houses, offices and schools where they are exposed to some indoor environmental factors (bioaerosol) that influence their health and physical condition. Therefore, there has been a growing interest in indoor microbe studies in recent years. The aim of those studies is not only estimation of the airborne microorganisms but also their identification and the determination of factors influencing bioaerosol composition inside the rooms. Biological contamination of indoor air is mostly caused by bacteria, moulds and yeast. They can be dangerous as pathogenic living cells but they can also secrete some substances harmful for health. Epidemiological studies show that too high concentration of microorganisms in the air can be allergenic however, sometimes even very low concentrations of some particular microorganisms can cause serious diseases. It is supposed that about 30% of health problems relevant to the indoor air quality are the result of a human organisms reaction to moulds. Our study showed significant occurrence of cosmopolitan mycoflora in indoor and outdoor environment of Hislop college, Nagpur, India. The amount of pathogenic microorganisms is higher indoors than outdoors. A large number of isolated fungal species were harmful and could cause health problems like asthma and other respiratory disorders to environment. Air condition and ventilation system are not sufficient to lower the level of spores. However, studies show that fungal concentrations have a positive relationship with the disease status. They interact with the human internal organ like lung and elevate the level of chances of respiratory diseases. Hence, identification and biomonitoring of aeromycoflora is a key to open the information of sensitivity towards bioaerosol in this atmosphere and taking proper preventive measure from air-born particles.

 

Keywords : Bioaerosol, Epidemiological, Pathogenic, Biomonitoring, Aeromycoflora

 

 

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