Volume No. 10 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 790-796 April-June 2016

 

RESIDENTIAL TYPOLOGY AND WATER MANAGEMENT OPTIONS FOR URBAN AREA

 

Biswas R.

Department of Physical Planning, School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi (INDIA)

 

Received on : January 16, 2016

 

ABSTRACT

 

Water scarcity is matter of concern in almost all urban areas in India. The gap between supply and demand is increasing constantly. This gap is not only due to actual physical shortage of water but also due to the miss management of the scarce water resources in these urban settlements. The predominant use of water in urban area is domestic use. There are many sustainable water management approaches for residential development in urban area. But hardly these approaches are applied in these residential areas in India. There are different types of housing options in these residential developments which are proposed by the development plan or master plan of these urban areas. The water management approaches for these different types of housing typology cannot be uniform. Different types of housing developments have different responses for the applicability of different water management approaches. The applicability of few selected water management approaches are first established based on the literature study, primary survey analysis and the personal interaction with the selected household in different residential developments in Dwarka. The space requirements and water saving due to the application of these water management approaches are estimated for selected residential case study to understand the suitability of these water management approaches. Finally, this paper suggests the type of housing which is more suitable for efficient water management in urban residential development.

 

Keywords : Housing typology, Sustainable water management, Grey water recycling, Water scarcity, Urban residential development

 

 

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