Volume No. 10 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 501-517 Jan-Mar 2016

 

MEDICINAL PLANTS OF CONTROLLED GRAZING AREA OF ICAR-CENTRAL SHEEP AND WOOL RESEARCH INSTITUTE, AVIKANAGAR, RAJASTHAN, INDIA AND THEIR TRADITIONAL HUMAN USES

 

Sharma R. B.*, Sharma S. C. and Sharma B.

1. Central Sheep & Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan (INDIA)
2. Central University of Rajasthan, Bandarsindri, Rajasthan (INDIA)

 

Received on : October 09, 2015

 

ABSTRACT

 

Since 1962, about 4000-5000 small ruminants (Sheep and Goats) are being reared in 1600 hectare land area of Central Sheep & Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan, India (Indian council of Agriculture Research ) which situated at 750 250 to 750 280 E Longitude and 260 150 to 260 250 N Latitude with elevation 326 M from mean sea level. The topography of the farm is 2/3 plane and 1/3 is under gullies and ravines. Soil of the area is sandy loam (Typic ustipsamments) with medium to high infiltration rate. Organic carbon is low i.e. 0.26 to 0.36 percent with soil pH 7.6. Temperature may go as high as 48.50C in summer and as low as (-) 0.50C in winter (Hypothermic Regime). The climate of the area is semi-arid sub-tropical. The mean annual rainfall is 615 mm which vary from 216 mm to 1208 mm. July and August account for about 65 percent of annual rainfall. Ethno medicinal survey was conducted through random sampling technique in different season and area for preceding 5 year using square quadrat method size 100 x 100 cm. A minimum size of quadrate was determined by species-area-curve method. Floral biodiversity of Avikanagar is related with the Aravalli hills. Northern tropical dry deciduous forest covers about half of the total forest area. Data on medicinal plants collected from the area under study reveal that the farm area has 90 species (43 family) of medicinal plants out of total 219 (41.1 per cent), Poaceae-10, Euphorbiaceae-7, Febaceae- 6, Caesalpinaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Solanaceae, Moraceae each four and others less than four sp. The interviews and discussions with traditional local community, stakeholders and in-situ observations in the field reveal that local people have close association with surrounding environment and people in the vicinity the forest area have good knowledge of usefulness of plants species especially of medicinal plants. Medicinal value of the plants was discussed with different age group and it was observed that persons having 50- 65 years of age had more traditional knowledge about medicinal plants. Out of red listed plants of threatened species as given by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) two species are available in the study area i.e. Commiphora wightii and Tribulus rajasthanensis, which are critically endangered species. There is an urgent need to prepare inventories and record of all ethno botanical information available among the diverse ethnic communities before the traditional culture is lost completely and all conservation measures should be adopted for saving the biodiversity of the area.

 

Keywords : Small ruminants, Semi-arid area, Rajasthan, Ethno medicinal survey, Controlled grazing

 

 

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