Volume No. 2 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 664-668 April-June 2008

 

A STUDY ON IMPACT OF SOME SOCIAL EVILS AND DRINKING DURING TUBERCULOSIS AT VILLAGES OF UJJAIN (INDIA)

 

Anubha Mutha, Alka Vyas1 and Harish Vyas*2

1. IEMPS, Vikram University, Ujjain (India)
2. Govt. Kalidas Girls College, Ujjain (India)

 

Received on : November 17, 2007

 

ABSTRACT

 

Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease, afflicting humanity for over 35,000 years. Globally, there are more than 8 million new cases of tuberculosis each year. India accounts for nearly one third of the global TB burden. Mycobacteria cause over 3 million deaths each year, more than any other single infectious disease. Sometimes back, tuberculosis incidence had reduced considerably. The decline was attributed to the introduction of chemotherapy and probably due to many factors such as herd immunity, improved socio-economic conditions, housing and nutrition, isolation of infected individuals in sanatoria, pasteurization of milk, BCG vaccination and the introduction of effective anti-tuberculosis medicines. Of late, this disease has escalated due to impact of AIDS and increased occurrence of multi-drug resistance.
Smoking, tobacco chewing and alcohol drinking are highly prevalent habits found in Indian society and are commonly seen in all economic strata of society. They are considered as social evils and studies have shown that smokers and drinkers have higher death rates from heart diseases and various types of cancers. Moreover, they also cause economic burden on the family, especially in lower income groups. There are few studies which show that these habits are associated with tuberculosis patients, but no such study has been done in Ujjain district. Therefore, the present study was initiated to see the association between these habits in the tuberculosis afflicted population of Ujjain (India). Towards this, twenty villages were chosen for the study and the association of tuberculosis disease with smokers, tobacco chewers and alcohol drinkers was studied. The results show that more than 50% of the TB patients were habitual smokers, tobacco chewers and/or drinkers. The paper presents the results of this study and discusses the effect of this association on socio-economic conditions of the society.

 

Keywords : Tuberculosis, Smoking, Tobacco chewing, Alcohol drinking, Mycobacteria

 

 

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