Volume No. 2 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 594-604 April-June 2008

 

IMPACT OF URBANIZATION ON HYDROLOGICAL REGIME IN INDIAN CITIES

 

Sarfaraz Ahmad*, Shahid Farooq, Zahoor-Ul-Islam, Md. Abdullah Khan, Wasi A. Zaidi1 and H

1. Department of Geology, AMU, Aligarh (India)
2. Department of Architecture, AMU, Aligarh (INDIA)

 

Received on : November 07, 2007

 

ABSTRACT

 

High intensity of urbanization is observed in Indian cities in the last few decades due to the rapidly growing population and increasing economic activities. This phenomenon of rapid urbanization is causing unorganized and unplanned growth in most of the towns and cities. The ever-growing population and urbanization is leading to over-utilization of the resources, thus exerting pressure on the limited civic amenities, which are on the brink of collapse. One of the immediate fallout is the over-utilization of water resources near the cities and emerging urban centers. We are also facing constrains in choosing suitable geological sites which can provide necessary resources and favorable conditions.

In this study, the nature of urbanization and its resultant impact on hydrological regimes has been studied for the city of Aligarh (U.P), Badaun (U.P), Gurgaon (Haryana), Imphal (Manipur), and Kashmir valley (J & K). All these cities have special Hydro-Geological regimes, and are seen affected in peculiar ways. The study reveals a range of impacts from drying up of regional effluent river in Badaun (U.P), lowering of water table in Aligarh (U.P), increase in salinity and lowering of groundwater table in Gurgaon (Haryana) and habitations extending toward the open surface water body and other marshy and swampy areas leading to the shrinkage of the wetlands in Kashmir (J & K) and Imphal valley (Manipur).

 

Keywords : Urbanization, Groundwater, Hydrological regime, Imphal valley, Kashmir valley

 

 

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