Volume No. 2 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 457-463 January-March 2008

 

A SURVEY ON CHOGHAKHOR WETLAND STATUS SIGNIFYING ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS OF THE ECOSYSTEM

 

Mohammad Moshari* and Samaneh Ebrahimi

Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran (Iran)

 

Received on : August 7, 2007

 

ABSTRACT

 

Wetlands are an essential component of our global ecosystem. It is well known that the protection of wetlands is critical to a wide range of biota which depends upon these habitats for survival. Different important functions of Choghakhor wetland in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiyari province of Iran signify the importance of providing an environmental planning and management plan for the wetland, which was the main aim of this study. Five criteria of birds, fishes, threatening factors, social-economical problems and conservation status of the wetland were studied and analyzed in order to determine priority according to the status of Choghakhor wetland value, in comparisons with the 75 important wetlands of Iran (63 of these 75 have been identified of wetlands of international importance in Ramsar Convention documents). Also macro-benthos of the wetland including Oligochaeta, Chironomidae and Gammaridae were surveyed. The result was 80/140 for Choghakhor Wetland, and though got the 8th priority among all. This classification shows the potential strength of Choghakhor Wetland to have environmental management plan indeed. The result of this study illustrates that constructing dam is the most intensive threatening factor to this habitat and its biodiversity. It clearly expresses the necessity of environmental planning and management to assess the impacts in order to establish proper management and sustainable utilization of the wetland for the benefit of mankind.

 

Keywords : Choghakhor Wetland, Environmental planning and management, Ramsar Convention, Wet land, Ecosystem.

 

 

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