Volume No. 2 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 448-456 January-March 2008

 

INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN SRI NAN NATIONAL PARK, NAN PROVINCE, NORTHERN THAILAND

 

T. Utarasakul1, C. Lekprayoon, A. Pradatsundarasar and K. Thirakhupt*2

1. Inter-Department of Environmental Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok (Thailand)

 

Received on : September 13, 2007

 

ABSTRACT

 

Sri Nan National Park is one of the famous tourist destinations, located in Nan Province, Northern Thailand. The area of Sri Nan covers 934 square kilometers, making up with massive mountains and hill ranges with several spectacular natural environments. To date, the tourist number in Sri Nan has been increasing and so does the negative impacts on its natural environment. Therefore, this research intends to integrate the concept and principles of environmental management system to develop an ecotourism management in Sri Nan National Park. Environmental management system provides a method to integrate functional elements toward the four principles of Ecotourism: nature-based tourism, sustainably managed tourism, environmentally education-based tourism and community participation-based tourism. Prominent environmental aspects such as number of tourist, water consumption, garbage loads, parking area, and camping site were selected. At present, tourists consume water about 10.8 liters/person/ day and generate wastes0.6 kg/person/day. The suitable number of tourists to stay over night camping at Doi Sa Mer Dao and Pha Chu are approximately 550 persons/day. In addition, the results of this study will be used to develop suitable tourism activities and the management plan for ecotourism using holistic approaches.

 

Keywords : Environmental management system, Ecotourism, Social climate, Sri Nan National Park, NGOs

 

 

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