Volume No. 2 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 421-425 January-March 2008

 

A STUDY OF IMPACT OF BRICK INDUSTRIES ON ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH IN UJJAIN CITY (INDIA)

 

Rizwana Khan and Harish Vyas*

Govt. Kalidas Girls College, Ujjain (INDIA)

 

Received on : August 9, 2007

 

ABSTRACT

 

Indian brick industry is the second largest brick producer in the world after China. The industry has an annual turn over of more than 10000 crores and it is one of the largest employment generating industries. In Ujjain (India), many brick industries are situated on the banks of Kshipra river. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the impact of brick making process on environment and human health. The results show that there are adverse effects of these industries on soil, water, air, vegetation and human health. Bricks are mainly made of soil and numbers of additives are added to the soil to increase the strength of bricks. The use of excessive amount of soil causes soil degradation. These industries use huge amount of fuel and kiln process used at present in these industries is highly inefficient which leads to air pollution and causes damage to vegetation and human health. Besides these, the waste along with water flows back in the Kshipra river, increasing the total solids, suspended solids, dissolved oxygen, calcium hardness, total hardness etc. High pollution levels in Kshipra river near these industries has been noticed, which could be possibly due to leaching of compounds from raw materials used in brick industries. It is not possible to prohibit these industries because they are essential for economic growth and development of the city. The paper discusses the effect of these industries on the environment and human health and suggests alternative sustainable strategies for the kiln process, so that economic development and environmental protection can go hand in hand.

 

Keywords : Brick industry, Kiln process, Pollution, Leaching, Chemiluminescence.

 

 

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