Volume No. 8 Issue No.: 3A Page No.: 816-827 Jan-Mar 2014




Narkhede Parag Govardhan * and Gadbail Babita

Department of Civil Engineering, Govt. College of Engineering, Pune, Maharashtra (INDIA)


Received on : September 15, 2013




In recent years, metropolitan cities and areas are growing fast. With increasing urbanization, housing sector is also expanding with equal pace. Scarcity of land in urban areas has influenced housing to be developed with a single intention of achieving maximum possible usage of available land. In this process the environmental concern is many times overlooked and in turn the urban housing is proved to be less energy efficient. To overcome this problem it is necessary that we should have a policy and guidelines for implementing environmental aspects as an integral part of site planning and building design for housing. In the absence of the environmental aspects the housing is becoming more and more dependant of artificial ways to satisfy the need of light and ventilation causing over usage of energy sources. The paper is an attempt to survey the selected housing developments in Pune and to analyze the same leading to a set of guidelines to achieve energy efficient housing (Study period is of two years from 2011to 2013). Site planning, appropriate orientation of the buildings is the simple measures to achieve the goal. It also presents the experimentation of light and ventilation using relevant software as a part of analysis. The set of guidelines will be also useful for similar proposed housing development in other metro cities in India.


Keywords : Housing, Orientation, Site planning, Metro cities, Environmental issues, Sun path, Wind rose