Volume No. 8 Issue No.: 3A Page No.: 805-810 Jan-Mar 2014

 

VEGETATIVE SPECIES COMMUNITY, RICHNESS AND DIVERSITY IN PATNADEVI FOREST, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA

 

Rathod M. M.

S.S.M.M. Arts, Science and Commerce College, Pachora, Maharashtra (INDIA)

 

Received on : September 25, 2013

 

ABSTRACT

 

Species diversity along altitudinal gradient differs in different layers at different scales. The invention was carried out at three different aspects of altitude viz., Basal (400-550 m M.S.L.), Middle (550-700 m M.S.L.) and Top (700-850 m M.S.L). Using random sampling method, 150 quadrates covering almost all area of the forest were sampled. Data obtained was analyzed for community composition, richness and diversity of tree and shrubs. Total 150 species (98 tree and 52 shrubs) are distributed in different community at different elevation ranges. Hardwickia binata Roxb. shows maximum IVI (23.60) at basal and (36.09) at middle elevation range respectively, and Tectona grandis L. showed maximum IVI (46.64) at Top. Community composition shows more similarity between adjoining community (tree 82.71%) and (shrub 74.07%). Both tree and shrub shows maximum richness at basal elevation range. Shannon- Wiener and Simpsons Diversity index (3.71855 and 0.0389) shows maximum diversity at basal elevation range and minimum at top.

 

Keywords : Community composition, Richness, Species diversity, Importance value index, Similarity index, Patnadevi forest

 

 

BACK