Volume No. 2 Issue No.: 3 Page No.: 347-356 January-March 2008

 

GROUNDWATER QUALITY EVALUTION FOR IRRIGATION PURPOSE IN SOME AREAS OF BHIND, MADHYA PRADESH (INDIA)

 

Vineesha Singh*1 and M.C. Khare2

1. School of Studies in Earth Science, Jiwaji University, Gwalior (INDIA)

 

Received on : August 24, 2007

 

ABSTRACT

 

Chemical quality of the surface and groundwater is as important as the quantity. Groundwater quality in an inevitable factor for the sustainable agriculture as a source at irrigation water. Therefore the study was conducted is an irrigated alluvial area to evaluate the groundwater quality for irrigation. Agriculture, mainly through irrigation is the major user of fresh water resources, accounting for 70% of total global fresh water withdrawals. For successful irrigated agriculture, the quality of surface and ground water is as important as the fertility of soil. The physico-chemical analysis of ground water have been studied to assess the quality of water for irrigation needs. 42 water samples are collected from dug-cum bored wells tapping shallow to deep aquifers. The quality analysis is made through the estimation of chloride, Bicarbonate, Sodium, Calcium, Total hardness, Total dissolved solids, EC, pH, calculation of sodium adsorption ratio and percentage of sodium. The analytical data are processed and interpreted as per standard laboratory method by APHA. Regarding the suitability of groundwater for irrigational purposes, TDS, EC and SAR are within the safe limit except few samples. Total dissolved solids in ground water was ranged between 172.2-1400 mg/l during the investigation period, revealed that irrigation using groundwater of the study area would not cause salinity hazards.

 

Keywords : Ground water quality, Irrigation, Total dissolved solids. Sodium adsorption Ratio, Electrical conductivity, U.S. Salinity.

 

 

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