Volume No. 8 Issue No.: 3A Page No.: 741-746 Jan-Mar 2014

 

PETROL FROM WASTE PLASTIC

 

Selukar N. B.

Department of Chemical Technology, S.G.B. Amravati University, Amravati, Maharashtra (INDIA)

 

Received on : September 20, 2013

 

ABSTRACT

 

Plastics are non biodegradable polymers mostly containing carbon, hydrogen and few other elements such as chlorine, nitrogen, etc. Due to its non-biodegradable nature, the plastic waste contributes significantly to the problem of municipal waste management. Waste plastics are mostly land filled or incinerated however, these methods are facing great social resistance because of environmental problems such as air pollution and soil contamination, as well as economical resistance due to their increase of space and disposal costs. In long term neither the land filling nor the incineration solve the problem of wastes, hence recycling has become an important issue worldwide. Plastic recycling covers a wide range of different methods like material recycling, chemical recycling, energy recycling. A pyrolysis of waste plastic has been carried out in presence of hydrocarbon liquid bed without catalyst. At 300 4000C all waste plastic undergoes decomposition and get converted to fuel which get recovered with liquid bed. The petrol, liquid bed and diesel fractions were separated during recovery section itself. This technique able to convert 100 gm waste plastic into more than 100 ml liquid fuel (56.1 ml petrol and 45.9 ml diesel). Again in this, no use of any catalyst or acid-base system. It requires less decomposition temperature than the common pyrolysis technique and recovered liquid bed can be used again and again. Hence this liquid bed technique is efficient, economical and eco-friendly.

 

Keywords : Plastic waste, Environment plastic waste, Recycling of plastic waste, Fuel from plastic waste, Petrol from plastic waste

 

 

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