Volume No. 8 Issue No.: 3A Page No.: 683-688 Jan-Mar 2014

 

NATURAL DYES : THEIR SOURCES AND ECOFRIENDLY USE AS TEXTILE MATERIALS

 

Iqbal Sanjeeda and Ansari Taiyaba N.*

Department of Botany, Government Holkar Science College, Indore, (INDIA)

 

Received on : September 25, 2013

 

ABSTRACT

 

Now-a-days natural dyes are commonly used for textile industries, due to their harmless effects and harmful consequences of synthetic dyes. Natural dyes work on cotton, silk and wool etc. Their colours are stable and ecofriendly because of no irritating effects on human skin. Different plant parts are used for colouring methods. Nature has given us a number of plants to use them in dyeing processes for safe life. In these processes different mordants are used in combinations, which can be natural plant products like lemon juice, tamarind pulp, pomegranate and some chemicals like alum, chrome, stannous chloride, copper sulphate, ferrous sulphate etc. are commonly used.Large range of colour shades was obtained from different plant sources which were studied in various research projects. Studies about fastness test of dyed clothes were undertaken by different researchers and fair to excellent result were obtained. In all the reviewed studies three mordanting techniques were commonly used as pre-mordanting, simultaneous and post-mordanting. The results of natural dyeing were found very encouraging, with their non toxic, non allergic and non-carcinogenic soothing harmless effects.Moreover these dyes are cost effective and ecofriendly.

 

Keywords : Natural dye, Synthetic dye, Fastness property, Mordant, Eco-friendly

 

 

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