Volume No. 8 Issue No.: 3A Page No.: 658-664 Jan-Mar 2014

 

BACTERIOLOGICAL AMOEBOID STATUS OF GROUND WATER SAMPLES FROM ARSENIC ENDEMIC AREAS OF SHUKLAGANJ, UNNAO, UATTAR PRADESH, INDIA

 

Shukla Nishi Kumar1, Sharma Rajnish Kumar*2 and Agrawal Anju 1

1. Department of Zoology, S. N. Sen B.V. P. G. College, CSJM University, Kanpur (INDIA)
2. Central Pollution Control Board, Zonal Office, Lucknow (INDIA)

 

Received on : October 19, 2013

 

ABSTRACT

 

Arsenic is known toxin its toxicity to humans is well known. World Health Organisation (WHO) and US Environmental Protection Agency have set the maximum acceptable level of arsenic in drinking water as 10?g/L. At present, 31 administrative blocks by the side of the river Ganga and adjoin areas are affected. Areas affected by arsenic contamination in ground water are all located in the upper delta plains and are mostly in the abandoned meander belt. The ground water of the study area is reported to be contaminated by geogenic source of arsenic. Arsenic accumulates readily in living tissues because of its strong affinity for proteins, lipids and other cellular components. Aquatic microorganisms are particularly known to accumulate Arsenic, resulting in considerably higher concentrations than in the water in which they live (i.e. biomagnification). In the present investigation attempts have been made to isolate bacteria and amphizoic amoeba from the groundwater and determine the total viable count of coliform and faecal coliform bacteria and also identify amoeba morphologically. In our investigation, the strains of 4 species were found. There is free living amoeba isolated from difference water sample collected from surrounding area of shukalaganj, Uanno ,Uttar Pradesh, India. Environmental arsenic sources are all natural sources, water, air, living organisms and anthropogenic activities including mining, agricultural chemicals, wood preservatives, medicinal products, industrial activities.

 

Keywords : Bacteriological quality, Amoeba, Arsenic, coliform bacteria, Geogenic sourses

 

 

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