Volume No. 10 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 361-367 October-December 2015

 

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION CASE STUDY FROM INDIA USING LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT APPROACH

 

Shah B. and Unnikrishnan S.

National Institute of Industrial Engineering (NITIE), Mumbai, Maharashtra (INDIA)

 

Received on : July 14, 2015

 

ABSTRACT

 

Coal is the main source of electricity generation which helps to meet the energy demand in India, its share in total energy consumption of the country is estimated to be about 18%. The Indian economy has grown in strength in the last few years. Energy consumption in India has grown consistently over years India is the sixth largest in terms of power generation. Although electricity from coal is cheap, reliable and most widely used all over the world, the process of generating electricity from coal should be scrutinized because they are highly polluting process and ultimately have negative impacts on human health and its surroundings. The present paper studies a coal fired thermal power plant. It uses the life cycle assessment approach which covers all the life cycle stages - starting from the extraction of coal up to the disposal of ash. All major processes necessary to produce electricity from coal and gas are included in this study. Simapro software was used to analyse the collected data. The analysis highlights that extensive coal extraction leads to high impacts on fossil fuel depletion and climate change impacts factors on humans being. Also climate change impacts on the ecosystem are observed on the ecosystem. Particulate matter also is one of the major emissions from coal fired electricity generation

 

Keywords : Life Cycle Assessment, Coal, Electricity, Environmental impacts, Clean technologies

 

 

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