Volume No. 10 Issue No.: 2 Page No.: 304-310 October-December 2015

 

PHYSICOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF WATER QUALITY OF RATAN TALAO, BHARUCH, GUJARAT, INDIA

 

Pandey S. C., Bharadwaj P. S. . and Peerzada M. P.

1. Research and analysis wing, Global earth Society for Environmental Energy and Development, Bhopal, M.P. (INDIA) 2. Department of Chemistry, Shree J. P. Arts and Science College, Bharuch, Gujarat (INDIA)

 

Received on : June 25, 2015

 

ABSTRACT

 

Pollution of water bodies is one of the areas of major concern to environmentalists. The paper is intended to analyse the water quality by studying various physicochemical parameters of Ratan Talao, situated in the middle of Bharuch, Gujarat, India. Concerned location, Ratan Talao was built in 16th century. It is believed that more than 200 turtles of rare species, older than 150 years or more are living in this lake. Encroachment in surrounding areas is leading to improper waste disposal, dumping of garbage, entry of flowing untreated sewage as well as household and industrial effluents into the lake, leading to the deterioration of water quality. For estimation of pollution, a study was conducted during the period of September 2014 to determine parameters such as nutrient salts, organic matters, pH, Conductivity, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Suspended Solid (SS), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and microbiological study. Samples were collected from four different locations and were analysed. By observing the results, it can be concluded that the parameters which were studied for the examination of water quality exceeded the permissible limit indicating water body as highly polluted and unsafe for aquatic ecosystem. This could also lead to the contamination of nearby ground water resources. The situation is alarming and therefore immediate action is required to provide healthy ecosystem and thus save rare species of old turtles present in the lake.

 

Keywords : Physicochemical parameters, Conductivity, Dissolved Oxygen, Biological Oxygen Demand, Total Dissolved Solids

 

 

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