Volume No. 9 Issue No.: 4 Page No.: 1150-1160 April-June 2015

 

A NEW APPROACH TO STUDY LOSS OF CROP PRODUCT IN MILLET BY BIRD PEST IN ANAND DISTRICT, GUJARAT, INDIA

 

Damor P. L.* and Patel K. B.

Department of Zoology Sheth M. N. Science College, Patan, N.G., Gujarat (INDIA)

 

Received on : January 19, 2015

 

ABSTRACT

 

Pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides) is the main important cereal heavily depredated by birds. Seeds of this crop are exposed and attract several bird species during the entire period of seed setting to harvesting stage and so suffer heavy losses. About 62 species are reported in millet crop at different stages during morning and evening hours. In the study area, total 92 species belong to 71 genera belong to 39 families are recorded. Various crop protection traditional methods usually employed in the cultivators fields for birds viz. are beating empty tins, using scare crows, tying polythene bags on poles and using sound producing crackers. However, these methods are not reputed to bring permanent relief for the farmer and therefore, a safe and economic method must be sought to reduce the damage. During the research work, field experiment were conducted during two consecutive seasons viz., kharif and summer of 2012-2013 at the Napad village of the Anand district, Gujarat, India. During these two seasons, under assigned methods are applied for bird damages i) Netting, ii) Reflective ribbon, iii) Cotton cloth bag, iv) Scare crow, v) Manual (Shouting and pelting stones with the help of sling or catapult) and vi) control. Percentage of avoidable losses in grain yield of millet crop due to pest complex after various treatments are worked out on the basis of pooled result of grain yield. Nylon net is the most effective treatment in preventing bird damage. Roseringed Parakeet is the major bird pest of millet crop. The average grain yield is higher during summer season.

 

Keywords : Pearl millet, Bird pest, Damage, Crop protection, Grain yield

 

 

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